Title I, Part A
Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local Education Agencies
What is Title I?
The purpose of the Title I, Part A program is to provide federal dollars to supplement educational opportunities for students who attend schools with high numbers or percentages of children from low-income families and are most at risk of failing to meet the state's challenging academic achievement standards. Title I, Part A funds are to be used to provide all students significant opportunity to receive a fair, equitable, and high-quality education, and to close educational achievement gaps.
The U.S. Department of Education awards Title I grant funds to the Tennessee Department of Education which subgrants funds to districts. Districts reserve funds for mandatory set-asides and other optional district-level instructional initiatives. The remaining Title I funds must flow to eligible schools through a formula known as "spiraling" (also referred to as "ranking and serving").
Eligible schools are determined by the district and are identified as Title I schools. Clinton City Schools is a Title I district. Both North and South Clinton are eligible for services based on the number of students eligible. Clinton Elementary School is eligible through a waiver. While they have qualified in the past, the number of eligible students has dropped. CCS applied for and received a waiver for CES in an effort to continue to support the students at a high level. Each Title I school determines the services provided by Title 1 allocated funds through a series of steps. These steps include the development of a school-wide plan, a review to ensure the services meet the intents and purposes of Title !, and as defined b federal rule
What can Title I fund?
To utilize funds for expenditures, all of the following must be met: 1) reasonable scope and cost, necessary to meet program requirements, 3) allocable to the benefit received, and 4) based on a comprehensive needs assessment.
CCS Utilizes the School-wide Program Model to distribute funds.
- Any school with at least 40 percent poverty, or a state-approved waiver, may operate a Title I school-wide program as long as the school conducts a comprehensive needs assessment and develops a school-wide plan for meeting those needs.
- The school-wide plan and its implementation must be regularly monitored and revised as necessary based on students' need to ensure that all students are provided opportunities to meet the challenging state academic standards.
- The premise behind the school-wide model is that comprehensive improvement strategies – rather than separate, add-on services – are most effective in raising academic achievement for the lowest-achieving students in a school. This is best accomplished by a school addressing the root causes of low performance.
- All students and staff may participate in Title I-funded activities.
- The school may use Title I funds to support any reasonable activity designed to improve the school’s educational program as long as it is consistent with the school’s needs and school-wide plan.
- Depending on its needs, a school-wide program school could use Title I funds for various activities:
- Upgrade the instructional material and equipment
- Implement an early warning system
- Extend the school day or school year
- Reorganize class schedules to increase collaborative teacher planning time
- Provide tutoring or intervention services
- Coordinate health and social services
- Improve the school’s discipline process
- Hire intervention teachers
- Restructure classes to promote personalized learning
- Implement career academies
- Provide early post-secondary opportunities
- Implement school safety programs
- Address school climate or culture issues
- Provide counseling and services such as mental health or school counselors
- Fund dropout prevention services
- Organize professional development
- Increase family engagement
- Non-Traditional: Funds for the arts including instructional personnel, professional development, supplies, or education experiences/field trips
- Non-Traditional: Provide early learning opportunities with preschool options